The basic foundation of math is understanding numbers and quantities.
One of the best ways to develop these understandings, or number sense, is through handling objects and counting them. We can listen to preschoolers recite numbers in order, but we want them to apply that to counting objects and understand that those numbers represent quantities of items.
Counting games and activities encourage preschoolers to “play” with numbers and quantities and build math skills and number sense in natural ways.
It is for this reason that we played this fun counting game with our own objects!
To incorporate this game into our Ireland theme, the objects we used were Irish flags!
Students enjoyed counting different quantities, placing each quantity under the correct numeral.
Students learn addition and subtraction through a variety of hands-on activities. What we know about numeracy development is that students go through stages. As you see in other subjects, not every student experiences each of these stages in a linear way.
This is a generalization of the stages you might see when teaching addition and subtraction: This is the generalization of the stages you might see when teaching addition and subtraction: Direct modeling or counting (also called concrete): Students solve problems by having the objects in front of them to manipulate.
Counting more efficiently: Students solve problems by drawing pictures, making marks on the page, or perhaps counting on their fingers. Working with the numbers (also called abstract): Students solve the problems by working with numeral relationships. EXAMPLE: 5+8 could be decomposed to 5+5 = 10 and then 3 more which is 13.
At this stage, we would want students to have multiple problem-solving strategies as they take numbers apart and put them back together. For this activity, we decided to institute direct modeling in teaching our four and five year old students addition. Using magnetic numbers and Irish flags, students placed numerals onto a tray.
They then selected the corresponding amount of Irish flags. Upon completing the equation, students counted all of the flags, and then wrote the correct total.
Classifying and sorting activities help children to develop a range of thinking skills and build the foundations for later problem-solving.
The visual memory and discernment involved, and the ability to identify patterns, relationships, similarities and differences, assists children in learning about early number representation and problem-solving.
For this activity, students practiced counting and sorting circles by number.
They learned that each symbol represents and quantity and had fun placing the different colored circles onto each large circle!
Gross motor skills involve movements of the large muscles of the arms, legs, and torso.
Young children rely on motor skills for everyday activities at school, at home, and in the community.
As a developmental domain, we enjoy applying gross motor skills throughout our week.
From dancing to tossing, our little ones are always on the move! For this activity specifally, students learned how to jump into a pool! To apply this to our circle theme, they were told that three-dimensional circles are called balls.
They jumped and enjoyed manipulating the objects with their arms and legs!