# Counting Flags

The basic foundation of math is understanding numbers and quantities.

One of the best ways to develop these understandings, or number sense, is through handling objects and counting them. We can listen to preschoolers recite numbers in order, but we want them to apply that to counting objects and understand that those numbers represent quantities of items.

Counting games and activities encourage preschoolers to “play” with numbers and quantities and build math skills and number sense in natural ways.

It is for this reason that we played this fun counting game with our own objects!

To incorporate this game into our Ireland theme, the objects we used were Irish flags!

Students enjoyed counting different quantities, placing each quantity under the correct numeral.

Students learn addition and subtraction through a variety of hands-on activities. What we know about numeracy development is that students go through stages. As you see in other subjects, not every student experiences each of these stages in a linear way.

This is a generalization of the stages you might see when teaching addition and subtraction: This is the generalization of the stages you might see when teaching addition and subtraction: Direct modeling or counting (also called concrete): Students solve problems by having the objects in front of them to manipulate.

Counting more efficiently: Students solve problems by drawing pictures, making marks on the page, or perhaps counting on their fingers. Working with the numbers (also called abstract): Students solve the problems by working with numeral relationships. EXAMPLE: 5+8 could be decomposed to 5+5 = 10 and then 3 more which is 13.

At this stage, we would want students to have multiple problem-solving strategies as they take numbers apart and put them back together. For this activity, we decided to institute direct modeling in teaching our four and five year old students addition. Using magnetic numbers and Irish flags, students placed numerals onto a tray.

They then selected the corresponding amount of Irish flags. Upon completing the equation, students counted all of the flags, and then wrote the correct total.

# Ireland Sensory Bin

Ireland is an island in Northwestern Europe in the north Atlantic Ocean.

The island lies on the European continental shelf, part of the Eurasian plate.

The island’s main geographical features include low central plains surrounded by coastal mountains.

To recreate these geographical features, we decided to create our very own sensory bins!

Sensory play is an integral part of early learning, because it allows the whole child to participate in his own learning, using all of his senses while doing it!

# Gaelic Football

Gaelic football is an Irish team sport.

It is played between two teams of fifteen players on a rectangular grass pitch.

The object of the sport is to score by kicking or punching the ball into the other team’s goals or between two upright posts above the goals and over a crossbar 8.2 feet above the ground.

To incorporate this fun game into both our Irish theme and the Gross Motor Developmental Domain, we decided to create a preschool version of this!

Using tires, tubes, and a bowl, we constructed our own H-shaped goals and gave every child the opportunity to score by throwing a ball into the goal.

We had so much fun doing it!